Wood species

Eastern White Pine

(Pinus strobus)

The Eastern white pine, a species native to Quebec, is the tallest conifer in eastern Canada. Its wood is the least resinous of all pines. It is a fast-growing tree, sometimes reaching heights of 90 metres and diameters of 250 centimetres. With its uniform texture, Eastern white pine is used for mouldings, cabinetwork, doors, windows, siding, panelling and do-it-yourself (DIY) projects. Its wood is tender and ranges from creamy white to yellow. It is valued for its fine grain and workability.

Classification

Select
No. 1 Common and No. 2 Common
No. 3 Common

Common usage

Select: Superior quality. Interior decorating, furniture, mouldings and cabinetry.
Common 1 and 2: Grade that highlights sound and tight knots and wood that is naturally light in colour. Panelling, framing, edge trim, soffit, doors, windows and DIY market.
Common 3: Useful and of good appearance despite slight defects. Shelves, panelling, exterior use and siding.

Physical Properties
Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus) Red Pine (Pinus resinosa) Jack Pine (Pinus banksiana) Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris) Southern Yellow Pine (Pinus palustris) Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum) Yellow Birch (Betula alleghaniensis)
Density(kg/m3) 3681 4011 4441 5122 6572 6591 6081
Modulus of rupture (MOR)(kiln-dried) (MPa) 651 701 781 842 972 1151 1061
Modulus of elasticity (MOE)(MPa) 93801 94501 10 2001 10 1002 13 5002 14 1001 14 1001
Hardness Jenka (N) 16501 21201 25601 N/D N/D 72901 59301
Dimensional shrinkage 8 % 11 % 10 % 7 % 12 % 14 % 17 %
Working properties2
Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus) Red Pine (Pinus resinosa) Jack Pine (Pinus banksiana) Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris) Southern Yellow Pine (Pinus palustris) Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum) Yellow Birch (Betula alleghaniensis)
Machinability **** *** *** ** *** **** ****
Stability **** *** N/A *** ** ** **
Gluing *** ** **** *** *** ** **
Nailability ** **** *** *** *** ** **
Mortising ** ** ** ** *** *** **
Turning *** ** *** ** *** ** **
Planing *** *** ** *** *** *** **
Sandability ** *** *** ** *** *** **
Paintability *** ** *** ** ** ** **
Stainability *** *** *** ** ** ** ***

Excellent: ****   Very good: ***   Good: **   Fair: *   N/A: Not available

1. JESSOME, A.P. Strength and Related Properties of Woods Grown in Canada. Forintek Canada Corp. 1995.

2. The Wood Explorer, version 1.0, 2001-2002

Standard dimensions available*
Grades Select; Common No.1 and No. 2; Common No. 3*
Nominal1 thickness in inches 4/4″; 5/4″ 6/4″, 8/4″
(25,4 mm, 31,8 mm; 38,1 mm, 50,8 mm)
Net2 thickness in inches (millimetres) 3/4″, 1 1/8″, 1 3/8″ , 1 3/4″
(19 mm, 28,6 mm, 34,9 mm, 44,4 cm)
Nomina1 width in inches (millimetres) 2″ ; 3″; 4″; 5″; 6″; 8″; 10″
(50,8 mm, 72,2 mm, 100 mm, 127mm, 152,4 mm, 203 mm, 254 mm)
Net2 width in inches (millimetres) 1 1/2″, 2 1/2″, 3 1/2″. 4 1/2″, 5 1/2″, 7 1/4″, 9 1/4″
(38 mm, 64 mm, 89 mm, 114 mm, 140 mm, 184 mm, 235 mm)
Length in feet (metres) 6’, 7’ 8’ 10’, 12’ 14’ 16’
(1.83 m, 2.13 m, 2.44 m, 3.05 m, 3.66 m, 4.27 m, 4.88 m)

Other dimensions and grades produced are available upon request

Nominal: rough lumber
Net: lumber planed on four sides

Comparison of pine grades
NLGA Eastern White Pine NelMA Eastern White Pine
Select D and better Select
Common No. 1
Common No. 2
Finish
Premium
Common No. 3 Standard
Common No. 4 Industrial
Common No. 5

NLGA : National Lumber Grades Authority
NeLMA : North East Lumber Manufacturers Association

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