Species

Eastern white pine

(Pinus strobus)
Sepcification sheet: White Pine

The Eastern white pine, a species native to Quebec, is the tallest conifer in eastern Canada. Its wood is the least resinous of all pines. It is a fast-growing tree, sometimes reaching heights of 90 metres and diameters of 250 centimetres. With its uniform texture, Eastern white pine is used for mouldings, cabinetwork, doors, windows, siding, panelling and do-it-yourself (DIY) projects. Its wood is tender and ranges from creamy white to yellow. It is valued for its fine grain and workability.

Classification

Select

No. 1 Common and No. 2 Common

No. 3 Common

Common applications

Select: Superior quality. Interior decorating, furniture, mouldings and cabinetry.

No. 1 Common and No. 2 Common: Grade that highlights sound and tight knots and wood that is naturally light in colour. Panelling, framing, edge trim, soffit, doors, windows and DIY market.

No. 3 Common: Useful and of good appearance despite slight defects. Shelves, panelling, exterior use and siding.

Physical Properties
Eastern white pine (Pinus strobus)Red pine (Pinus resinosa)Jack pine (Pinus banksiana)Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris)Southern Yellow Pine (Pinus palustris)Hard maple (Acer saccharum)Yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis)
Density (kg/m3)3681401144415122657265916081
Modulus of rupture (kiln-dried)(MOR)(MPa)65170178184297211511061
Modulus of elasticity (MOE)(MPa)938019450110 200110 100213 500214 100114 1001
Hardness Jenka (N)165012120125601N/DN/D7290159301
Dimensional shrinkage8 %11 %10 %7 %12 %14 %17 %
Working Properties
Eastern white pine (Pinus strobus)Red pine (Pinus resinosa)Jack pine (Pinus banksiana)Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris)Southern Yellow Pine (Pinus palustris)Hard maple (Acer saccharum)Yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis)
Machinability **** *** *** ** *** **** ****
 Stability **** *** N/D *** ** ** **
Clouage*******************
Mortisaint****************
Turning*****************
Planing*******************
Sandablity******************
Peinture****************
Stainability******************

Excellent: **** Very good: *** Good: ** Fair: * N/A: Not available

1. JESSOME, A.P. Strength and Related Properties of Woods Grown in Canada. Forintek Canada Corp. 1995.

2. The Wood Explorer, version 1.0, 2001-2002

Standard dimensions available*
QualitiesSelect; Common No.1 and No. 2; Common No. 3*
Nominal1  thickness in inches4/4"; 5/4" 6/4", 8/4"(25,4 mm, 31,8 mm; 38,1 mm, 50,8 mm)
Net2 thickness in inches (millimetres)3/4", 1 1/8", 1 3/8" , 1 3/4"(19 mm, 28,6 mm, 34,9 mm, 44,4 cm)
Nomina1 width in inches (millimetres)2" ; 3"; 4"; 5"; 6"; 8"; 10"(50,8 mm, 72,2 mm, 100 mm, 127mm, 152,4 mm, 203 mm, 254 mm)
Net2 width in inches (millimetres)1 1/2", 2 1/2", 3 1/2". 4 1/2", 5 1/2", 7 1/4", 9 1/4"(38 mm, 64 mm, 89 mm, 114 mm, 140 mm, 184 mm, 235 mm)
Length in feet (metres)6’, 7’ 8’ 10’, 12’ 14’ 16’(1.83 m, 2.13 m, 2.44 m, 3.05 m, 3.66 m, 4.27 m, 4.88 m)

* Other dimensions and grades produced are available upon request

Nominal: rough lumber

Net: lumber planed on four sides

Comparison of pine grades
NLGA Eastern White PineNelMA Eastern White Pine
SelectD and better Select
No 1 commun

No 2 commun

Finish
Premium
No 3 commonStandard
No 4 commonIndustrial
No 5 common

NLGA : National Lumber Grades Authority

NeLMA : North East Lumber Manufacturers Association

E-Sample